Charlie Chaplin Wie Charlie Chaplin lebte
Sir Charles Spencer „Charlie“ Chaplin jr., KBE, war ein britischer Schauspieler, Regisseur, Drehbuchautor, Schnittmeister, Komponist, Filmproduzent und Komiker. Chaplin gilt als erster Weltstar des Kinos und zählt zu den einflussreichsten Komikern. Sir Charles Spencer „Charlie“ Chaplin jr., KBE, (* April in London; † Dezember in Corsier-sur-Vevey, Schweiz) war ein britischer Schauspieler. Wie Charlie Chaplin lebte. Charles Spencer Chaplin wurde am April in London geboren. Nachdem sich seine Eltern kurz nach seiner Geburt trennten. Charlie Chaplin und seine Frau Oona. Schauspieler, Regisseur. April: Charles Spencer Chaplin wird als Sohn der Schauspielerpaars Charles. Charlie Chaplin gehört zu den berühmtesten Persönlichkeiten des Jahrhunderts Erfahre hier alles zu seiner Biografie Filme Kinder Privatleben.
Doch im Gegensatz zu den Kinderschicksalen, die Charles Dickens im Jahrhundert beschrieb, fand Charlie Chaplin den Weg nach Amerika und in die. charlie chaplin kinder. Charlie Chaplin und seine Frau Oona. Schauspieler, Regisseur. April: Charles Spencer Chaplin wird als Sohn der Schauspielerpaars Charles. In the mids, Chaplin was involved in source series see more trials that read more most of his time and significantly affected his public image. Poll Suggestion: Top Actors When 20 click directors talk about here Dabei fehlt das Letzte. City Lights. Chaplin's son Michael has suggested that the information must have been significant to his father for him to retain the letter. Beilage zu jungle see more32, Just click for source from the original on 22 June New York: Hilltown, Quill. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
In der Nacht vom 1. Die Täter wollten von den Hinterbliebenen Der Plan scheiterte, sie wurden gefasst, und Chaplins sterbliche Überreste wurden erneut beerdigt.
Er neigte zur Reisekrankheit und hat sich mitten im Einsatz übergeben. Er war in der Mittagspause und dachte: Action!
Mit dem Postlaster hat er sich an uns drangehängt. Um uns herum waren überall Zivilpolizisten, die den Briefträger sofort aus dem Auto geholt haben.
Besorgte Schweizer Bürger haben das dann für einen Postraub gehalten, die Nummern der Zivilstreife notiert und die örtliche Polizei auf ihre eigenen Kollegen gescheucht.
Es war wie ein letzter Chaplin-Film. Nach dem Tod seiner Witwe Oona hat man das Grab zubetoniert.
Juni desselben Jahres im Rahmen des 4. Tiroler Dramatikerfestivals in Österreich uraufgeführt wurde.
Der Stummfilmstar, der den Beginn der Tonfilmära lange ignorierte, war auch Filmkomponist. Heute hört man seine kurzen Stücke auch oft in Klassikkonzerten.
Chaplin inszenierte gerne romantische Liebesgeschichten, bei denen die Frauen bewusst als idealisierte Sehnsuchtsobjekte in Szene gesetzt sind.
Zudem mangelt es seinen Filmen nicht an Pathos. Eine seiner längsten Partnerschaften hatte er mit seinem ständigen Kameramann Roland Totheroh , der ihn zwischen und bei fast allen Filmen begleitete.
Die Kamera dürfe sich nicht in den Vordergrund spielen, sondern müsse den Bewegungen des Schauspielers folgen. Gegen die Kritik, seine Kameraführung sei altmodisch und gehe nicht mit der Zeit, wehrte sich Chaplin in seiner Autobiografie, dass die Technik das Ergebnis seines eigenen Nachdenkens über Logik und Auffassung sei.
Chaplin gehörte zu den Gründervätern der Traumfabrik und auch der Filmkomödie im Allgemeinen, aber er war kein Hollywoodstar, als der er oft bezeichnet wird: Hollywood gab es noch gar nicht, während er schon ein Star war.
Vom späteren Hollywood mit seinem Studiosystem distanzierte Chaplin sich beispielsweise in seiner Autobiografie stark.
Ihm war als Filmemacher insbesondere eine künstlerische Unabhängigkeit wichtig, die es im Studiosystem kaum gab.
In seinen frühen Werken gab es durchaus Brutalität und einen Charlie, der nicht der Nette war. In einem Film gibt er einem Kind ganz unbedarft eine Schusswaffe.
Chaplin setzte Meilensteine in der Filmgeschichte. Jahrhunderts nur mit jener von Pablo Picasso vergleichbar sei. Der in eine arme Familie Geborene war bereits als Jugendlicher mit Gesangsdarbietungen im Stadtviertel Soho London aufgetreten, bevor er als Schauspieler auf Bühnen mit noch nicht elektrischer Bühnenbeleuchtung stand.
Mit Beginn des zweiten Drittel des Die Kinemathek zählt zu den führenden Institutionen für Film-Rekonstruktionen weltweit.
Ihr übergab die Familie des Verstorbenen seinen Nachlass. Darin fanden sich mehrere getippte Manuskriptversionen. Robinson fungierte dabei als Mitautor, die Cineteca di Bologna als Herausgeber.
Juni , Auftragswerk für das 4. Tiroler Dramatikerfestival, Österreich. Charles Chaplin ist eine Weiterleitung auf diesen Artikel.
Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Charles Chaplin Begriffsklärung aufgeführt. Mediendatei abspielen.
Hamburger Abendblatt , Februar , abgerufen am Februar April im Internet Archive im britischen Nationalarchiv. In: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz.
Abgerufen am April englisch. Oktober Bei: spiegel. Charlie Chaplin. Memento vom Februar im Internet Archive. In: Frankfurter Rundschau.
Prause: Genies in der Schule. Legende und Wahrheit. Lit Verlag, Berlin Universal-Lexikon Sein Leben, seine Kunst. April im Internet Archive.
Auf: stern. McGuirk: Chaplinitis. Motion Picture Magazine 9, Nr. Dezember im Internet Archive Auf: fnp. Rowohlt Verlag, Hamburg , S.
Auf: spiegel. Interview mit Michael Kloft. Eintrag vom März "[ Manchmal zum Totlachen. Voll ulkigster Groteske.
Dabei fehlt das Letzte. Der Jude ist nicht schöpferisch. März, u. Nein, ich bin kein Jude, aber ich habe bestimmt einen Tropfen davon in meinem Blut.
Ich hoffe es wenigstens. In: Zs. Beilage zu jungle world , 32, August , S. In: Arbeiter-Zeitung. Wien Dezember , S.
Rowohlt, , Seiten. Auf: abendblatt. Memento vom 7. Having inherited natural talents from their parents, the youngsters took to the stage as the best opportunity for a career.
At the close of this engagement, Charlie started a career as a comedian in vaudeville, which eventually took him to the United States in as a featured player with the Fred Karno Repertoire Company.
When the Fred Karno troupe returned to the United States in the fall of for a repeat tour, Chaplin was offered a motion picture contract.
He finally agreed to appear before the cameras at the expiration of his vaudeville commitments in November ; and his entrance in the cinema world took place that month when he joined Mack Sennett and the Keystone Film Company.
At the completion of his Sennett contract, Chaplin moved on to the Essanay Company at a large increase.
The following year Charlie was even more in demand and signed with the Mutual Film Corporation for a much larger sum to make 12 two-reel comedies.
When his contract with Mutual expired in , Chaplin decided to become an independent producer in a desire for more freedom and greater leisure in making his movies.
To that end, he busied himself with the construction of his own studios. This plant was situated in the heart of the residential section of Hollywood at La Brea Avenue.
His next commercial venture was the production of a comedy dealing with the war. Sunnyside, Griffith to found the United Artists Corporation.
The stock of United Artists was divided equally among the founders. This arrangement introduced a new method into the industry. Heretofore, producers and distributors had been the employers, paying salaries and sometimes a share of the profits to the stars.
Under the United Artists system, the stars became their own employers. They had to do their own financing, but they received the producer profits that had formerly gone to their employers and each received his share of the profits of the distributing organization.
Note: The comments on each film outlined below are taken from articles by David Robinson. However, before he could assume his responsibilities with United Artists, Chaplin had to complete his contract with First National.
So early in , he came out with a six-reel masterpiece: The Kid , in which he introduced to the screen one of the greatest child actors the world has ever known - Jackie Coogan.
Then, feeling the need for a complete rest from his motion picture activities, Chaplin sailed for Europe in September London, Paris, Berlin and other capitals on the continent gave him tumultuous receptions.
A crowd welcomes Chaplin in London, After an extended vacation, Chaplin returned to Hollywood to resume his picture work and start his active association with United Artists.
Under his arrangement with U. A Woman of Paris was a courageous step in the career of Charles Chaplin. After seventy films in which he himself had appeared in every scene, he now directed a picture in which he merely walked on for a few seconds as an unbilled and unrecognisable extra — a porter at a railroad station.
Until this time, every film had been a comedy. A Woman of Paris was a romantic drama. The Little Tramp uncredited. Tinseltown's Bombs and Blockbusters Documentary.
Fields Video documentary Self. Hynkel - Dictator of Tomania. Video documentary short Various characters. Hynkel as Charlie Chaplin.
Buster Keaton Show all 7 episodes. John Video. Adenoid Hynkel, 'The Great Dictator' uncredited. Griffith: Father of Film King Shahdov.
Video short. Rowdy uncredited. Self and Various Roles. Self - in Out-Takes. Self - film clip uncredited.
Self as Charlie Chaplin. Self - Actor. B-5 Short Self uncredited. Related Videos. Simon and Schuster.
Official Sites: Instagram Official Site. Alternate Names: Ch. Edit Did You Know? Personal Quote: I went into the business for the money, and the art grew out of it.
If people are disillusioned by that remark, I can't help it. It's the truth.Oktober Die Betonplatte mit seinen Abdrücken ist bis heute verschollen. Auf: wz-newsline. Charlie Chaplin Ritterschlag vor 40 Jahren. Chaplin esc startnummer deutschland, dass dieser Film deutlich länger als seine bisherigen see more sollte. Er hatte peter gadiot Talent seiner Eltern geerbt und fühlte sich schon früh von der Click here angezogen. Tatsächlich hatten die Deutschen in puncto Chaplin recht lange auf dem Mars gelebt. Lita Grey war 15, als sie von Charlie Chaplin schwanger wurde. Ehe, Schlammschlacht, Scheidung. So lief das Drama auch mit Mildred Harris. Damit erfüllt Charlie Chaplin die Sehnsucht nach Umkehr der gesellschaftlichen Ordnung, von der alle Komik lebt. Von Renate Jurzik. Erfahren Sie mehr über das abenteuerliche Leben und Werk des berühmten Charlie Chaplin. In Chaplin's World erhalten Sie alle nötigen Informationen! Doch im Gegensatz zu den Kinderschicksalen, die Charles Dickens im Jahrhundert beschrieb, fand Charlie Chaplin den Weg nach Amerika und in die. Der Filmhistoriker Norbert Aping räumt mit Gerüchten und Charlie Chaplins Erfolg in Deutschland und sein Verhältnis zu den Deutschen auf.
Charlie Chaplin Service NavigationAuf: dw. Motion Picture Magazine 9, Nr. Abgerufen am Lachen über den Widerstand gegen die Demütigung Wir lachen nicht nur über seinen Widerstand, sich die Demütigung, die die Rolle vorsieht, gefallen zu lassen. Das Risiko lohnte sich und die romantische Komödie mit gesellschaftskritischen Untertönen wurde ein massiver Erfolg bei Kritikern und Publikum. Wir erraten gleichzeitig - rein filmisch dargestellt - die Gedanken aller Click the following article, die in je unterschiedlichen Read article das Ganze der Situation begreifen. Die Idee zu seiner Was tun wenns brennt charlie chaplin ihm eine Postkartenserie, wie Chaplin uns in seiner Autobiografie verrät. April im Internet Archive Auf: ruhrnachrichten. Continue reading Risiko lohnte sich und die romantische Komödie mit gesellschaftskritischen Untertönen nun netflix the ein massiver Erfolg bei Kritikern und Click. Ein Held, der den Umgangsformen einer verdinglichten Massengesellschaft mit seinem unbewegten Gesicht begegnet, dem jede Spontaneität, die Zumutungen der Welt zu unterlaufen, fehlt. Jahrhundert beschrieben hatte, fand Charlie Chaplin doch seinen Weg. Anfang der er Jahre hatte Chaplin die junge Schauspielerin Joan Barry entdeckt und wollte mit ihr einen Film drehen. Magazin der Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung. Söhne der Sonne Info - Uhr. Der Streifen wurde ein Erfolg und die Nazianfeindungen im Premierevorfeld schienen verhallt. Juni um Uhr! Ein Alaska goldrausch staffel 9 in auf Teneriffa Fernsehfilm - Uhr. Corsier-sur-VeveyKanton WaadtSchweiz. Die Gesetze der Slapstickkomödien, die nach immer gleichem Muster abliefen, Verfolgungsjagden, check this out im Chaos endeten, empfand Chaplin bald als zu beschränkt.
A Woman of Paris was a romantic drama. This was not a sudden impulse. For a long time Chaplin had wanted to try his hand at directing a serious film.
Chaplin signs a poster for A Woman of Paris. Chaplin generally strove to separate his work from his private life; but in this case the two became inextricably and painfully mixed.
Searching for a new leading lady, he rediscovered Lillita MacMurray, whom he had employed, as a pretty year-old, in The Kid.
Still not yet sixteen, Lillita was put under contract and re-named Lita Grey. Chaplin quickly embarked on a clandestine affair with her; and when the film was six months into shooting, Lita discovered she was pregnant.
Chaplin found himself forced into a marriage which brought misery to both partners, though it produced two sons, Charles Jr and Sydney Chaplin.
But as late as , it seemed, this was a film he preferred to forget. The reason was not the film itself, but the deeply fraught circumstances surrounding its making.
Chaplin on the set of The Circus after a fire raged through the studio during the ninth month of shooting, destroying sets and props.
As if his domestic troubles were not enough, the film seemed fated to catastrophe of every kind. In the late s, after the years spent trying to forget it, Chaplin returned to The Circus to re-release it with a new musical score of his own composition.
It seemed to symbolize his reconciliation to the film which cost him so much stress. By the time it was completed he had spent two years and eight months on the work, with almost days of actual shooting.
The marvel is that the finished film betrays nothing of this effort and anxiety. Even before he began City Lights , the sound film was firmly established.
This new revolution was a bigger challenge to Chaplin than to other silent stars. His Tramp character was universal. His mime was understood in every part of the world.
But if the Tramp now began to speak in English, that world-wide audience would instantly shrink. Chaplin boldly solved the problem by ignoring speech, and making City Lights in the way he had always worked before, as a silent film.
However he astounded the press and the public by composing the entire score for City Lights. Chaplin with Albert Einstein and his wife at the City Lights premiere.
The premieres were among the most brilliant the cinema had ever seen. City Lights was a critical triumph.
Chaplin was acutely preoccupied with the social and economic problems of this new age. In and he had left Hollywood behind, to embark on an month world tour.
In Europe, he had been disturbed to see the rise of nationalism and the social effects of the Depression, of unemployment and of automation.
He read books on economic theory; and devised his own Economic Solution, an intelligent exercise in utopian idealism, based on a more equitable distribution not just of wealth but of work.
Machinery should benefit mankind. Chaplin, out of costume, rehearses the famous feeding machine sequence. In Modern Times Chaplin set out to transform his observations and anxieties into comedy.
When writing The Great Dictator in , Chaplin was as famous worldwide as Hitler, and his Tramp character wore the same moustache.
In the film Chaplin plays a dual role —a Jewish barber who lost his memory in a plane accident in the first war, and spent years in hospital before being discharged into an antisemite country that he does not understand, and Hynkel, the dictator leader of Tomania, whose armies are the forces of the Double Cross, and who will do anything along those lines to increase his possibilities for becoming emperor of the world.
Chaplin on the set of The Great Dictator. The agreement was signed in , but Chaplin took four more years to complete the script.
Chaplin and Martha Raye with dancers during the shooting of Monsieur Verdoux. Not surprisingly, then, in choosing his next subject he deliberately sought escape from disagreeable contemporary reality.
He found it in bitter-sweet nostalgia for the world of his youth — the world of the London music halls at the opening of the 20th century, where he had first discovered his genius as an entertainer.
Buster Keaton and Chaplin in Limelight, It was when on the boat travelling with his family to the London premiere of Limelight that Chaplin learned that his re-entry pass to the United States had been rescinded based on allegations regarding his morals and politics.
Chaplin therefore remained in Europe, and settled with his family at the Manoir de Ban in Corsier sur Vevey, Switzerland, with view of lake and mountains.
The group's original plan had been to provoke a war with the United States by assassinating Chaplin at a welcome reception organised by the prime minister, but the plan had been foiled due to delayed public announcement of the event's date.
In his autobiography, Chaplin recalled that on his return to Los Angeles, "I was confused and without plan, restless and conscious of an extreme loneliness".
He briefly considered retiring and moving to China. It was these concerns that stimulated Chaplin to develop his new film. Modern Times was announced by Chaplin as "a satire on certain phases of our industrial life.
Like its predecessor, Modern Times employed sound effects but almost no speaking. She eventually divorced Chaplin in Mexico in , citing incompatibility and separation for more than a year.
The s saw Chaplin face a series of controversies, both in his work and in his personal life, which changed his fortunes and severely affected his popularity in the United States.
The first of these was his growing boldness in expressing his political beliefs. Deeply disturbed by the surge of militaristic nationalism in s world politics,  Chaplin found that he could not keep these issues out of his work.
It was this physical resemblance that supplied the plot for Chaplin's next film, The Great Dictator , which directly satirised Hitler and attacked fascism.
Chaplin spent two years developing the script,  and began filming in September — six days after Britain declared war on Germany.
The Great Dictator spent a year in production and was released in October Maland has identified this overt preaching as triggering a decline in Chaplin's popularity, and writes, "Henceforth, no movie fan would ever be able to separate the dimension of politics from [his] star image".
In the mids, Chaplin was involved in a series of trials that occupied most of his time and significantly affected his public image.
As Chaplin denied the claim, Barry filed a paternity suit against him. Edgar Hoover , who had long been suspicious of Chaplin's political leanings, used the opportunity to generate negative publicity about him.
As part of a smear campaign to damage Chaplin's image,  the FBI named him in four indictments related to the Barry case.
Most serious of these was an alleged violation of the Mann Act , which prohibits the transportation of women across state boundaries for sexual purposes.
Barry's child, Carol Ann, was born in October , and the paternity suit went to court in December After two arduous trials, in which the prosecuting lawyer accused him of " moral turpitude ",  Chaplin was declared to be the father.
Evidence from blood tests which indicated otherwise were not admissible, [s] and the judge ordered Chaplin to pay child support until Carol Ann turned Media coverage of the paternity suit was influenced by the FBI, as information was fed to the prominent gossip columnist Hedda Hopper , and Chaplin was portrayed in an overwhelmingly critical light.
July , Michael John b. March , Josephine Hannah b. March , Victoria b. May , Eugene Anthony b. August , Jane Cecil b.
May , Annette Emily b. December , and Christopher James b. July Chaplin claimed that the Barry trials had "crippled [his] creativeness", and it was some time before he began working again.
Chaplin again vocalised his political views in Monsieur Verdoux , criticising capitalism and arguing that the world encourages mass killing through wars and weapons of mass destruction.
The negative reaction to Monsieur Verdoux was largely the result of changes in Chaplin's public image. Chaplin denied being a communist, instead calling himself a "peacemonger",  but felt the government's effort to suppress the ideology was an unacceptable infringement of civil liberties.
He should be deported and gotten rid of at once. Although Chaplin remained politically active in the years following the failure of Monsieur Verdoux , [v] his next film, about a forgotten music hall comedian and a young ballerina in Edwardian London, was devoid of political themes.
Limelight was heavily autobiographical, alluding not only to Chaplin's childhood and the lives of his parents, but also to his loss of popularity in the United States.
Filming began in November , by which time Chaplin had spent three years working on the story. This marked the only time the comedians worked together.
Chaplin decided to hold the world premiere of Limelight in London, since it was the setting of the film. McGranery revoked Chaplin's re-entry permit and stated that he would have to submit to an interview concerning his political views and moral behaviour to re-enter the US.
It is likely that he would have gained entry if he had applied for it. Whether I re-entered that unhappy country or not was of little consequence to me.
I would like to have told them that the sooner I was rid of that hate-beleaguered atmosphere the better, that I was fed up of America's insults and moral pomposity Because all of his property remained in America, Chaplin refrained from saying anything negative about the incident to the press.
I have been the object of lies and propaganda by powerful reactionary groups who, by their influence and by the aid of America's yellow press, have created an unhealthy atmosphere in which liberal-minded individuals can be singled out and persecuted.
Under these conditions I find it virtually impossible to continue my motion-picture work, and I have therefore given up my residence in the United States.
Chaplin did not attempt to return to the United States after his re-entry permit was revoked, and instead sent his wife to settle his affairs.
The next year, his wife renounced her US citizenship and became a British citizen. Chaplin remained a controversial figure throughout the s, especially after he was awarded the International Peace Prize by the communist-led World Peace Council , and after his meetings with Zhou Enlai and Nikita Khrushchev.
His son, Michael, was cast as a boy whose parents are targeted by the FBI, while Chaplin's character faces accusations of communism.
I hate government and rules — and fetters People must be free. Chaplin founded a new production company, Attica, and used Shepperton Studios for the shooting.
According to Robinson, this had an effect on the quality of the film. This severely limited its revenue, although it achieved moderate commercial success in Europe.
In the last two decades of his career, Chaplin concentrated on re-editing and scoring his old films for re-release, along with securing their ownership and distribution rights.
In America, the political atmosphere began to change and attention was once again directed to Chaplin's films instead of his views.
It focused on his early years and personal life, and was criticised for lacking information on his film career.
Shortly after the publication of his memoirs, Chaplin began work on A Countess from Hong Kong , a romantic comedy based on a script he had written for Paulette Goddard in the s.
It was his first to use Technicolor and the widescreen format, while he concentrated on directing and appeared on-screen only in a cameo role as a seasick steward.
Chaplin suffered a series of minor strokes in the late s, which marked the beginning of a slow decline in his health.
Chaplin was initially hesitant about accepting but decided to return to the US for the first time in 20 years. Although Chaplin still had plans for future film projects, by the mids he was very frail.
By October , Chaplin's health had declined to the point that he needed constant care. The funeral, on 27 December, was a small and private Anglican ceremony, according to his wishes.
On 1 March , Chaplin's coffin was dug up and stolen from its grave by two unemployed immigrants, Roman Wardas, from Poland, and Gantcho Ganev, from Bulgaria.
The body was held for ransom in an attempt to extort money from Oona Chaplin. The pair were caught in a large police operation in May, and Chaplin's coffin was found buried in a field in the nearby village of Noville.
It was re-interred in the Corsier cemetery surrounded by reinforced concrete. Chaplin believed his first influence to be his mother, who entertained him as a child by sitting at the window and mimicking passers-by: "it was through watching her that I learned not only how to express emotions with my hands and face, but also how to observe and study people.
Simon Louvish writes that the company was his "training ground",  and it was here that Chaplin learned to vary the pace of his comedy.
Chaplin never spoke more than cursorily about his filmmaking methods, claiming such a thing would be tantamount to a magician spoiling his own illusion.
Until he began making spoken dialogue films with The Great Dictator , Chaplin never shot from a completed script.
Producing films in this manner meant Chaplin took longer to complete his pictures than almost any other filmmaker at the time.
No other filmmaker ever so completely dominated every aspect of the work, did every job. If he could have done so, Chaplin would have played every role and as his son Sydney humorously but perceptively observed sewn every costume.
Describing his working method as "sheer perseverance to the point of madness",  Chaplin would be completely consumed by the production of a picture.
Chaplin exercised complete control over his pictures,  to the extent that he would act out the other roles for his cast, expecting them to imitate him exactly.
While Chaplin's comedic style is broadly defined as slapstick ,  it is considered restrained and intelligent,  with the film historian Philip Kemp describing his work as a mix of "deft, balletic physical comedy and thoughtful, situation-based gags".
Chaplin's silent films typically follow the Tramp's efforts to survive in a hostile world. It is paradoxical that tragedy stimulates the spirit of ridicule The infusion of pathos is a well-known aspect of Chaplin's work,  and Larcher notes his reputation for "[inducing] laughter and tears".
Kuriyama has identified serious underlying themes in the early comedies, such as greed The Gold Rush and loss The Kid.
Social commentary was a feature of Chaplin's films from early in his career, as he portrayed the underdog in a sympathetic light and highlighted the difficulties of the poor.
Several of Chaplin's films incorporate autobiographical elements, and the psychologist Sigmund Freud believed that Chaplin "always plays only himself as he was in his dismal youth".
Stephen M. Weissman has argued that Chaplin's problematic relationship with his mentally ill mother was often reflected in his female characters and the Tramp's desire to save them.
Regarding the structure of Chaplin's films, the scholar Gerald Mast sees them as consisting of sketches tied together by the same theme and setting, rather than having a tightly unified storyline.
He believed that action is the main thing. The camera is there to photograph the actors". The camera should not intrude.
Chaplin developed a passion for music as a child and taught himself to play the piano, violin, and cello. He thereafter composed the scores for all of his films, and from the late s to his death, he scored all of his silent features and some of his short films.
As Chaplin was not a trained musician, he could not read sheet music and needed the help of professional composers, such as David Raksin , Raymond Rasch and Eric James , when creating his scores.
Musical directors were employed to oversee the recording process, such as Alfred Newman for City Lights.
Chaplin's compositions produced three popular songs. In , the film critic Andrew Sarris called Chaplin "arguably the single most important artist produced by the cinema, certainly its most extraordinary performer and probably still its most universal icon".
The image of the Tramp has become a part of cultural history;  according to Simon Louvish, the character is recognisable to people who have never seen a Chaplin film, and in places where his films are never shown.
As a filmmaker, Chaplin is considered a pioneer and one of the most influential figures of the early twentieth century.
Griffith was to drama. The films he left behind can never grow old. Chaplin also strongly influenced the work of later comedians.
Marcel Marceau said he was inspired to become a mime artist after watching Chaplin,  while the actor Raj Kapoor based his screen persona on the Tramp.
Gerald Mast has written that although UA never became a major company like MGM or Paramount Pictures , the idea that directors could produce their own films was "years ahead of its time".
In the 21st century, several of Chaplin's films are still regarded as classics and among the greatest ever made.
Chaplin's legacy is managed on behalf of his children by the Chaplin office, located in Paris. The office represents Association Chaplin, founded by some of his children "to protect the name, image and moral rights" to his body of work, Roy Export SAS, which owns the copyright to most of his films made after , and Bubbles Incorporated S.
It opened on 17 April after 15 years of development, and is described by Reuters as "an interactive museum showcasing the life and works of Charlie Chaplin".
A statue was erected in ;  since , the town has been host to the annual Charlie Chaplin Comedy Film Festival, which was founded to celebrate Chaplin's legacy and to showcase new comic talent.
In other tributes, a minor planet , Chaplin — discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Karachkina in — is named after Chaplin.
Chaplin is the subject of a biographical film, Chaplin directed by Richard Attenborough , and starring Robert Downey Jr. Chaplin's life has also been the subject of several stage productions.
Two musicals, Little Tramp and Chaplin , were produced in the early s. Chaplin has also been characterised in literary fiction.
Chaplin received many awards and honours, especially later in life. The latter has since been presented annually to filmmakers as The Chaplin Award.
Chaplin received three Academy Awards : an Honorary Award for "versatility and genius in acting, writing, directing, and producing The Circus " in ,  a second Honorary Award for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century" in ,  and a Best Score award in for Limelight shared with Ray Rasch and Larry Russell.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. British comic actor and filmmaker. For other uses, see Charles Chaplin disambiguation. Publicity portrait, c.
Actor director composer screenwriter producer editor. Mildred Harris m. Lita Grey m. Paulette Goddard m. Oona O'Neill m. Chaplin left in his first film appearance, Making a Living , with Henry Lehrman who directed the picture Play media.
Main article: Charlie Chaplin filmography. Film portal Television portal Comedy portal England portal.
Chaplin's son Michael has suggested that the information must have been significant to his father for him to retain the letter.
The identity of his biological father is not known for sure, but Hannah claimed it was a Mr. Southwark Council ruled that it was necessary to send the children to a workhouse "owing to the absence of their father and the destitution and illness of their mother".
He remembered confidently entertaining the crowd, and receiving laughter and applause. Marriot believes it was in December He had come to London in to appear in a new play, Clarice.
Its reception was poor, and Gillette decided to add an "after-piece" called The Painful Predicament of Sherlock Holmes.
This short play was what Chaplin originally came to London to appear in. After three nights, Gillette chose to close Clarice and replace it with Sherlock Holmes.
Chaplin had so pleased Gillette with his performance in The Painful Predicament that he was kept on as Billy for the full play.
It began when Essanay extended his last film for them, Burlesque on Carmen , from a two-reeler to a feature film by adding out-takes and new scenes with Leo White without his consent.
Chaplin applied for an injunction to prevent its distribution, but the case was dismissed in court. In addition, the company compiled another film, Triple Trouble , from various unused Chaplin scenes and new material shot by White.
Research has uncovered no evidence of this, and when a reporter asked in if it was true, Chaplin responded, "I have not that good fortune.
Roosevelt subsequently invited Chaplin to read the film's final speech over the radio during his January inauguration, with the speech becoming a "hit" of the celebration.
This lasted until the next morning, when Chaplin was able to get the gun from her. Barry broke into Chaplin's home a second time later that month, and he had her arrested.
She was then prosecuted for vagrancy in January — Barry had been unable to pay her hotel bills, and was found wandering the streets of Beverly Hills after taking an overdose of barbiturates.
Both Chaplin and Barry agreed that they had met there briefly, and according to Barry, they had sexual intercourse.
In California at this time, blood tests were not accepted as evidence in legal trials. Edgar Hoover first requested that a Security Index Card be filed for Chaplin in September , but the Los Angeles office was slow to react and only began active investigation the next spring.
In , Chaplin supported the unsuccessful presidential campaign of Henry Wallace ; and in he supported two peace conferences and signed a petition protesting the Peekskill incident.
In his autobiography he wrote, "I am not religious in the dogmatic sense I neither believe nor disbelieve in anything My faith is in the unknown, in all that we do not understand by reason; I believe that The Daily Telegraph.
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