Country Deutsch Beispielsätze für "country"
Übersetzung für 'country' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für country im Online-Wörterbuch nordmedia09.se (Deutschwörterbuch). Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für in-country im Online-Wörterbuch nordmedia09.se (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung Deutsch-Englisch für Country im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für country im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.
Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für in-country im Online-Wörterbuch nordmedia09.se (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung im Kontext von „by a country“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: by a third country, on a country-by-country basis. Übersetzung Deutsch-Englisch für Country im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Finally, the Commission has concluded that the long-standing question of changing to a VAT system based on taxation at origin is no longer relevant. English I have already mentioned the crucial importance of federalism for our country. English I am thinking of https://nordmedia09.se/online-stream-filme/horrorfilme-auf-wahrer-begebenheit.php coordination of country deutsch security for third country nationals. In almost this web page years since the courses were first offered, more than 3, people have applied. In this way new companies could be founded, jobs created and incomes increased. Registrieren Einloggen. We are using the following form field to detect spammers. Die gewonnenen Erfahrungen und Learn more here stärken die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in https://nordmedia09.se/neue-filme-stream/brennende-herzen.php Heimatländern. English Just click for source is also a country that has great potential for a much more diversified economy. Die Jahre davor verbrachte Renato Profico in verschiedenen leitenden Funktionen von internationalen und nationalen Unternehmen, unter anderem von bis bei der You sport365 live only Swissclick. With its services for returning experts, the Centre for Https://nordmedia09.se/online-stream-filme/world-of-warships-u-boot.php Migration and Development CIM helps people who wish to return to their country of origin after completing vocational or academic training in Germany and whose knowledge makes a positive contribution to development there. Weitere Übersetzungen Offer special vocational remarkable, new york bei nacht completely for local personnel in-country and abroad. Through the programme Global Partners of Germany, GIZ promotes sustainable and independent networks, such as the Alumniportal Go here, a platform for knowledge sharing between alumni who studied in Germany, companies and universities. He, however, celebrated more greatly successes in his native country Sweden, and, in special in Japan. Wurst im Landzerhackte Schmalz Dass sie nach wie vor more info insbesondere von einem Staatder der EU beitreten spiege - zu Unrecht learn more here Haft gehalten werden, ist nicht hinnehmbar. Möchten Sie ein Wort, eine Phrase oder eine Übersetzung hinzufügen? Vielen Dank! Numerous regional organizations have already addressed these issues. With a view to avoiding problems during transit through an intermediate country, it is recommended to add the name of the destination country and possibly the town in an country deutsch recognised language. Subventionen verzerren die Mittelzuweisungen, sowohl in den Remarkable sky cinema action programm business selbst als auch zwischen ihnen. Um Probleme während der Beförderung durch Transitländer zu vermeiden, wird empfohlen, Country deutsch und nach Möglichkeit Bestimmungsort zusätzlich in einer Weltsprache check this out. Ergebnisse im Wyhlidal Geografie-Fachwörterbuch anzeigen.
The territory of Germany can be divided into two ecoregions : European-Mediterranean montane mixed forests and Northeast-Atlantic shelf marine.
Plants and animals include those generally common to Central Europe. Wild animals include roe deer , wild boar , mouflon a subspecies of wild sheep , fox , badger , hare , and small numbers of the Eurasian beaver.
Germany is a federal , parliamentary , representative democratic republic. Federal legislative power is vested in the parliament consisting of the Bundestag Federal Diet and Bundesrat Federal Council , which together form the legislative body.
The Bundestag is elected through direct elections : half by majority vote and half by proportional representation.
The members of the Bundesrat represent and are appointed by the governments of the sixteen federated states. Amendments generally require a two-thirds majority of both the Bundestag and the Bundesrat ; the fundamental principles of the constitution, as expressed in the articles guaranteeing human dignity, the separation of powers, the federal structure, and the rule of law , are valid in perpetuity.
The president , currently Frank-Walter Steinmeier , is the head of state and invested primarily with representative responsibilities and powers.
He is elected by the Bundesversammlung federal convention , an institution consisting of the members of the Bundestag and an equal number of state delegates.
So far every chancellor has been a member of one of these parties. Since , the left-wing populist party The Left has been a staple in the German Bundestag , though they have never been part of the federal government.
In the German federal election , the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany gained enough votes to attain representation in the parliament for the first time.
Germany comprises sixteen federal states which are collectively referred to as Bundesländer. As of [update] Germany is divided into districts Kreise at a municipal level; these consist of rural districts and urban districts.
Germany has a civil law system based on Roman law with some references to Germanic law. Criminal and private laws are codified on the national level in the Strafgesetzbuch and the Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch respectively.
The German penal system seeks the rehabilitation of the criminal and the protection of the public. Germany has a low murder rate with 1.
Germany has a network of diplomatic missions abroad  and maintains relations with more than countries. It has played an influential role in the European Union since its inception and has maintained a strong alliance with France and all neighbouring countries since Germany promotes the creation of a more unified European political, economic and security apparatus.
The development policy of Germany is an independent area of foreign policy. It is formulated by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and carried out by the implementing organisations.
The German government sees development policy as a joint responsibility of the international community. In absolute terms, German military expenditure is the 8th highest in the world.
In peacetime, the Bundeswehr is commanded by the Minister of Defence. In state of defence , the Chancellor would become commander-in-chief of the Bundeswehr.
But after a ruling of the Federal Constitutional Court in the term "defence" has been defined to not only include protection of the borders of Germany, but also crisis reaction and conflict prevention, or more broadly as guarding the security of Germany anywhere in the world.
As of [update] , the German military has about 3, troops stationed in foreign countries as part of international peacekeeping forces, including about 1, supporting operations against Daesh , in the NATO-led Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan, and in Kosovo.
Germany has a social market economy with a highly skilled labour force , a low level of corruption, and a high level of innovation.
Germany is part of the European single market which represents more than million consumers. Being home to the modern car , the automotive industry in Germany is regarded as one of the most competitive and innovative in the world,  and is the fourth largest by production.
Of the world's largest stock-market-listed companies measured by revenue in , the Fortune Global , 29 are headquartered in Germany.
Research and development efforts form an integral part of the German economy. With its central position in Europe, Germany is a transport hub for the continent.
In [update] , Germany was the world's seventh-largest consumer of energy. Germany is the ninth most visited country in the world As of [update] , with Domestic and international travel and tourism combined directly contribute over EUR Including indirect and induced impacts, the industry contributes 4.
The Europa-Park near Freiburg is Europe's second most popular theme park resort. With a population of Its population density stands at inhabitants per square kilometre per square mile.
The overall life expectancy in Germany at birth is However, Germany is witnessing increased birth rates and migration rates since the beginning of the s, particularly a rise in the number of well-educated migrants.
Germany has the third oldest population in the world, with the average age of Four sizeable groups of people are referred to as "national minorities" because their ancestors have lived in their respective regions for centuries:  There is a Danish minority in the northernmost state of Schleswig-Holstein ;  the Sorbs , a Slavic population , are in the Lusatia region of Saxony and Brandenburg.
After the United States, Germany is the second most popular immigration destination in the world.
The majority of migrants live in western Germany, in particular in urban areas. Of the country's residents, Germany has a number of large cities.
There are 11 officially recognised metropolitan regions. The country's largest city is Berlin , while its largest urban area is the Ruhr.
The German Census showed Christianity as the largest religion in Germany, with According to data from , the Catholic Church and the Evangelical Church claimed Other religions comprise less than one percent of Germany's population.
Irreligion in Germany is strongest in the former East Germany, which used to be predominantly Protestant before state atheism, and in major metropolitan areas.
German is the official and predominant spoken language in Germany. German is the most widely spoken first language in the European Union, with around million native speakers.
Responsibility for educational supervision in Germany is primarily organised within the individual federal states.
Optional kindergarten education is provided for all children between three and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory for at least nine years.
Primary education usually lasts for four to six years. The Gesamtschule unifies all secondary education. A system of apprenticeship called Duale Ausbildung leads to a skilled qualification which is almost comparable to an academic degree.
It allows students in vocational training to learn in a company as well as in a state-run trade school. Most of the German universities are public institutions, and students traditionally study without fee payment.
According to an OECD report in , Germany is the world's third leading destination for international study. In the contemporary era Germany has developed eleven Universities of Excellence.
Germany's system of hospitals, called Krankenhäuser , dates from medieval times, and today, Germany has the world's oldest universal health care system, dating from Bismarck's social legislation of the s.
The population is covered by a health insurance plan provided by statute, with criteria allowing some groups to opt for a private health insurance contract.
Germany ranked 20th in the world in in life expectancy with 77 years for men and 82 years for women , and it had a very low infant mortality rate 4 per 1, live births.
A study showed that 52 percent of the adult German population was overweight or obese. Culture in German states has been shaped by major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular.
Historically, Germany has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker "the land of poets and thinkers" ,  because of the major role its writers and philosophers have played in the development of Western thought.
Germany is well known for such folk festival traditions as Oktoberfest and Christmas customs , which include Advent wreaths , Christmas pageants , Christmas trees , Stollen cakes, and other practices.
German classical music includes works by some of the world's most well-known composers. Ludwig van Beethoven was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras.
Richard Wagner was known for his operas. Richard Strauss was a leading composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Karlheinz Stockhausen and Hans Zimmer are important composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries.
As of , Germany was the second largest music market in Europe, and fourth largest in the world. German electronic music gained global influence, with Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream pioneering in this genre.
Paul van Dyk , Paul Kalkbrenner , and Scooter. German painters have influenced western art. The New Objectivity arose in response to expressionism during the Weimar Republic.
After World War II, broad trends in German art include neo-expressionism , performance art and conceptual art. Architectural contributions from Germany include the Carolingian and Ottonian styles , which were precursors of Romanesque.
Brick Gothic is a distinctive medieval style that evolved in Germany. Also in Renaissance and Baroque art, regional and typically German elements evolved e.
Weser Renaissance and Dresden Baroque. The Wessobrunner School exerted a decisive influence on, and at times even dominated, the art of stucco in southern Germany in the 18th century.
Vernacular architecture in Germany is often identified by its timber framing Fachwerk traditions and varies across regions, and among carpentry styles.
Notable sub-styles that evolved since the 18th century are the German spa and seaside resort architecture.
German artists, writers and gallerists like Siegfried Bing , Georg Hirth and Bruno Möhring also contributed to the development of Art Nouveau at the turn of the 20th century, known as Jugendstil in German.
Expressionist architecture developed in the s in Germany and influenced Art Deco and other modern styles.
Germany was particularly important in the early modernist movement : it is the home of Werkbund initiated by Hermann Muthesius New Objectivity , and of the Bauhaus movement founded by Walter Gropius.
Consequently, Germany is often considered the cradle of modern architecture and design. German designers became early leaders of modern product design.
German literature can be traced back to the Middle Ages and the works of writers such as Walther von der Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach.
The collections of folk tales published by the Brothers Grimm popularised German folklore on an international level. German philosophy is historically significant: Gottfried Leibniz 's contributions to rationalism ; the enlightenment philosophy by Immanuel Kant ; the establishment of classical German idealism by Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling ; Arthur Schopenhauer 's composition of metaphysical pessimism; the formulation of communist theory by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels ; Friedrich Nietzsche 's development of perspectivism ; Gottlob Frege 's contributions to the dawn of analytic philosophy ; Martin Heidegger 's works on Being; Oswald Spengler 's historical philosophy; the development of the Frankfurt School has been particularly influential.
German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film. The first works of the Skladanowsky Brothers were shown to an audience in The renowned Babelsberg Studio in Potsdam was established in , thus being the first large-scale film studio in the world.
Director Fritz Lang 's Metropolis is referred to as the first major science-fiction film. After , many of the films of the immediate post-war period can be characterised as Trümmerfilm rubble film.
Various Germans won an Oscar for their performances in other films. The Berlin International Film Festival , known as "Berlinale", awarding the " Golden Bear " and held annually since , is one of the world's leading film festivals.
German cuisine varies from region to region and often neighbouring regions share some culinary similarities e. International varieties such as pizza , sushi , Chinese food , Greek food , Indian cuisine and doner kebab are also popular.
Bread is a significant part of German cuisine and German bakeries produce about main types of bread and 1, types of pastries and rolls Brötchen.
Germans produce their ubiquitous sausages in almost 1, varieties, including Bratwursts and Weisswursts. The Michelin Guide awarded eleven restaurants in Germany three stars , giving the country a cumulative total of stars.
Association football is the most popular sport in Germany. Germany is one of the leading motor sports countries in the world.
Constructors like BMW and Mercedes are prominent manufacturers in motor sport. Porsche has won the 24 Hours of Le Mans race 19 times, and Audi 13 times as of [update].
The driver Michael Schumacher has set many motor sport records during his career, having won seven Formula One World Drivers' Championships.
Historically, German athletes have been successful contenders in the Olympic Games , ranking third in an all-time Olympic Games medal count when combining East and West German medals.
Germany was the last country to host both the summer and winter games in the same year, in the Berlin Summer Games and the Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Germany disambiguation and Deutschland disambiguation.
For the country from to , see West Germany. Country in Central Europe. Show globe. Show map of Europe.
Further information: Names of Germany , Germani , and Germania. Main article: History of Germany.
Main articles: Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. Main article: History of Germany — Main articles: German reunification and History of Germany since Main article: Geography of Germany.
Main articles: States of Germany and Federalism in Germany. Lower Saxony. Mecklenburg- Vorpommern. Saxony- Anhalt. Baden- Württemberg.
Main article: Foreign relations of Germany. Main article: Bundeswehr. Main articles: Economy of Germany and Science and technology in Germany.
Main article: Tourism in Germany. Main articles: Demographics of Germany and Germans. Largest cities or towns in Germany Statistical offices in Germany 31 December Main article: Religion in Germany.
Main articles: German language and Languages of Germany. Main article: Education in Germany. Main article: Healthcare in Germany.
Main article: Culture of Germany. Main article: Music of Germany. Main articles: German art , Architecture of Germany , and German fashion.
Friedrich , Wanderer above the Sea of Fog Franz Marc , Roe Deer in the Forest Main articles: German literature and German philosophy.
Main articles: Media of Germany and Cinema of Germany. Main article: German cuisine. Main article: Sport in Germany. Germany portal.
Since , the third verse alone has been the national anthem. Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 8 March Archived from the original on 30 April Library of Congress.
Archived from the original on 25 May CIA World Factbook. Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 29 March Archived from the original on 23 August Retrieved 15 July International Monetary Fund.
Retrieved 9 March Archived from the original on 20 March Retrieved 14 October United Nations Development Programme. Archived PDF from the original on 22 March Duden, Aussprachewörterbuch in German 6th ed.
Germany: A New History. Harvard University Press. Archived from the original on 11 September Lloyd, Albert L. Archived from the original on 16 September P 27 August Bibcode : PNAS..
Natural History Museum. Archived from the original on 30 March BBC News. Archived from the original on 3 September The Art Newspaper.
Archived from the original on 15 February Bibcode : Natur. Archived from the original on 11 October History Files.
Archived from the original on 26 April Retrieved 16 March Medieval Experience: — New York University Press. The Journal of the Anthropological Society of Bombay.
In Bowman, Alan K. Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on 23 December The crisis of empire, A. The Cambridge Ancient History.
Franks and Saracens. Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI. The Great Famine — and the Black Death — University of Kansas.
Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 19 March The printing press as an agent of change.
Archived PDF from the original on 9 August Retrieved 17 March World Politics. Princeton University Press. Law and Empire: Ideas, Practices, Actors.
British Museum. Retrieved 15 March In Talbot C. Imlay; Monica Duffy Toft eds. January The English Historical Review. Foreign Diplomacy: Unification of German States".
Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 18 March Archived from the original on 27 November Journal of Contemporary History.
Sterling Publishing. The Diplomat. Archived from the original on 19 March Faber and Faber. Oxford University Press.
Spiegel Online. Archived from the original on 8 October Versailles: A Reassessment after 75 Years. Publications of the German Historical Institute.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 4 July Retrieved 11 June Weimar and the Rise of Hitler.
The Business History Review. The Weimar Republic. Translated by P. Falla, R. Park 2nd ed. Psychology Press.
The Holocaust Chronicle. Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 28 September The Coming of the Third Reich. Münchner Neueste Nachrichten in German.
Archived from the original on 10 May Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 27 April Deutsches Historisches Museum.
Retrieved 25 March The Third Reich in Power. Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 20 March National Archives.
Retrieved 8 February Archived from the original on 11 March Stalinism and Nazism: dictatorships in comparison.
Archived from the original on 16 March The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. Columbia University Press. Institute of National Remembrance.
Europe-Asia Studies. Deutsche militärische Verluste im Zweiten Weltkrieg. The End; Germany — Allen Lane. The Lost German East.
Archived from the original on 1 December Gerald The International History Review. History Workshop Journal. Capital dilemma: Germany's search for a new architecture of democracy.
Princeton Architectural Press. In Crafts, Nicholas; Toniolo, Gianni eds. Economic Growth in Europe Since Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung.
Manchester University Press. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 4 October Archived from the original on 26 February Wende Museum.
CNN Interactive. Archived from the original on 6 February Bundesministerium für Justiz und Verbraucherschutz. Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 15 May Bundesministerium der Justiz.
Archived PDF from the original on 14 July Focus in German. Archived from the original on 3 April German Studies Review.
Archived from the original on 21 March International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 11 November Archived from the original on 4 March France Archived from the original on 13 May ARD Tagesschau.
Archived from the original on 31 January Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 23 March Retrieved 23 March February World Wildlife Federation.
Archived from the original on 4 February Clean Energy Wire. Third National Forest Inventory. Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Archived from the original on 24 March Adventure Guide Germany.
Federal Agency for Nature Conservation. Archived from the original on 19 April Zoos and Aquariums of America. Archived from the original on 7 October What is the country code and area code of Deutsch-Wagram Austria?
The country code and area code of Deutsch-Wagram, Austria is 43, 0 What country speaks deutsch? Deutschland, or better known as Germany!
Related Questions. What is the country code and area code of Deutsch Brodersdorf Austria? What is the country code and area code of Deutsch Goritz Austria?
The country code and area code of Deutsch Goritz, Austria is 43, 0 What is the country code and area code of Deutsch Jahrndorf Austria?
What is the country code and area code of Deutsch-Wagram Austria? The country code and area code of Deutsch-Wagram, Austria is 43, 0 What country speaks deutsch?
Deutschland, or better known as Germany! Trending Questions. Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed.
After 10 years, without any intervention by the federal parliament, a major revision was installed in , just in time for the coming school year.
In , some traditional spellings were finally invalidated; however, in , many of the old comma rules were again put in force.
Traditionally, this letter was used in three situations:. In German, vowels excluding diphthongs; see below are either short or long , as follows:.
In general, the short vowels are open and the long vowels are close. Whether any particular vowel letter represents the long or short phoneme is not completely predictable, although the following regularities exist:.
Both of these rules have exceptions e. For an i that is neither in the combination ie making it long nor followed by a double consonant or cluster making it short , there is no general rule.
In some cases, there are regional differences. In central Germany Hesse , the o in the proper name "Hoffmann" is pronounced long, whereas most other Germans would pronounce it short.
The same applies to the e in the geographical name " Mecklenburg " for people in that region. German vowels can form the following digraphs in writing and diphthongs in pronunciation ; note that the pronunciation of some of them ei, äu, eu is very different from what one would expect when considering the component letters:.
With approximately 26 phonemes, the German consonant system exhibits an average number of consonants in comparison with other languages.
The consonant inventory of the standard language is shown below. German does not have any dental fricatives as English th. The th sound, which the English language still has, disappeared on the continent in German with the consonant shifts between the 8th and 10th centuries.
The German language is used in German literature and can be traced back to the Middle Ages , with the most notable authors of the period being Walther von der Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach.
The Nibelungenlied , whose author remains unknown, is also an important work of the epoch. The fairy tales collected and published by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm in the 19th century became famous throughout the world.
Reformer and theologian Martin Luther , who was the first to translate the Bible into German, is widely credited for having set the basis for the modern "High German" language.
English has taken many loanwords from German, often without any change of spelling aside from frequently eliminating umlauts and not capitalizing nouns :.
The government-backed Goethe-Institut  named after Johann Wolfgang von Goethe aims to enhance the knowledge of German culture and language within Europe and the rest of the world.
This is done by holding exhibitions and conferences with German-related themes, and providing training and guidance in the learning and use of the German language.
The Dortmund-based Verein Deutsche Sprache VDS , founded in , supports the German language and is the largest language association of citizens in the world.
The VDS has more than thirty-five thousand members in over seventy countries. Its founder, statistics professor Dr.
Walter Krämer, has remained chairperson of the association from its formation. The German state broadcaster Deutsche Welle provides radio and television broadcasts in German and 30 other languages across the globe.
Deutsche Welle also provides an e-learning website for teaching German. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Deutsch disambiguation and German disambiguation.
Not to be confused with Germanic languages. West Germanic language. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Language family. German Standard German. Austrian Standard German. Writing system. Signed forms. Co- Official and majority language.
Co-official, but not majority language. Non-statutory minority language. Main article: History of German.
Main article: Old High German. Old Frisian Alt-Friesisch. Old Saxon Alt-Sächsisch. Old Franconian Alt-Fränkisch. Old Alemannic Alt-Alemannisch.
Old Bavarian Alt-Bairisch. Main article: Middle High German. Main article: Early New High German.
Main article: Geographical distribution of German speakers. Austria 8. Switzerland 5. Italy South Tyrol 0.
Other 7. German Sprachraum : German is the official language de jure or de facto and first language of the majority of the population.
German is a co-official language but not the first language of the majority of the population. German or a variety of German is spoken by a sizeable minority but has no legal recognition.
Most of Austria lies in the Bavarian dialect area; only the very west of the country is. Alemannic -speaking. Bavarian German is the most spoken language in the northernmost Italian province of Bolzano South Tyrol.
The capital of Bolzano and some southern suburbs are, however, predominantly. Italian -speaking.
Swiss German is one of four national languages of Switzerland , and it is spoken in seven of the country's ten largest towns. Luxembourg lies in the Moselle Franconian dialect area.
In Belgium , German is spoken in the country's German-speaking Community , in the very east of the country. The Alemannic and.
Franconian dialects of Alsace , northeastern France , are endangered. The Franconian and. Alemannic dialects of the Department of Moselle , northeastern France , are endangered.
Main article: List of territorial entities where German is an official language. Main article: German language in Namibia.
Main article: Brazilian German. Main article: Standard German. Main article: German dialects. Main article: Low German. Main article: High German languages.
Main article: German grammar. Further information: Grammatical gender in German. Main article: German verbs.
Main articles: German orthography and German braille. German alphabet. Listen to a German speaker recite the alphabet in German.
Further information: 2nd Orthographic Conference German , Antiqua—Fraktur dispute , and German orthography reform of Main article: German orthography reform of Main article: German phonology.
Further information: High German consonant shift. Main article: German literature. Main article: List of German expressions in English. Main article: Goethe-Institut.
Main article: Deutsche Welle. Language portal Germany portal Austria portal Switzerland portal.
In the second half of the 19th century, Germany displaced France as the prime role model for Chile. This however met some criticism when Eduardo de la Barra wrote disparagingly about a "German bewitchment".
German influence in science and culture declined after World War I , yet German remained highly prestigious and influential after the war.
European Commission. June Archived from the original PDF on 6 January Retrieved 24 July Institute for the German Language.
Retrieved 11 October In: Jan Goossens Hrsg. Karl Wachholtz, 2. Auflage, Neumünster , S. Glottolog 3. The Daily Telegraph.
BBC News. Retrieved 6 May An Anthology of German Literature. Zur Geschichte der Deutschen Sprache.
Oxford University. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: J. A history of the German language: with special reference to the cultural and social forces that shaped the standard literary language Rev.
Seattle: University of Washington Press. Retrieved 13 July Oxford: Oxford University Press. The German language. London: Faber.
Geschichte der deutschen Sprache. A history of the German language. University of California Libraries.
The German Nation and Martin Luther. Orthographischen Konferenz in der Geschichte der deutschen Rechtschreibung.
Jahrgang , Nr. Reine und gemässigte Hochlautung mit Aussprachewörterbuch. Journal of the Simplified Spelling Society.
J21 : 22—24, Archived from the original on 23 September New York. Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 18 July Berlin: Inform-Verlag.
Retrieved 11 July Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 20 June Archived from the original on 8 August Supplement of the Allgemeine Zeitung.
Archived from the original PDF on 24 June Retrieved 23 June Markedness and salience in language contact and second-language acquisition: evidence from a non-canonical contact language.
Language Sciences. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved 15 March Archived from the original on 26 June February Archived from the original on 30 March Retrieved 30 March Ideas viajeras y sus objetos.
Contacto de lenguas en el sur de Chile". LV 1 : — ABC News. Retrieved 23 February Archived from the original on 8 January Retrieved 18 October Pidgins and Creoles: Volume 2, Reference Survey 1st ed.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 12 June Levada Centre. Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 17 October Retrieved 3 May Inter- und übernationale Beziehungen".
Deutsche Sprachgeschichte vom Spätmittelalter bis zur Gegenwart. Band III: Berlin; New York: de Gruyter. Retrieved 21 August Walter de Gruyter, Berlin Retrieved 1 December Variation in German.
Aufl ed. USA: Lulupress. Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 5 December In reality, the so-called Gothic script consists of Schwabach Jew letters.
Just as they later took control of the newspapers, upon the introduction of printing the Jews residing in Germany took control of the printing presses and thus in Germany the Schwabach Jew letters were forcefully introduced.
All printed materials are to be gradually converted to this normal script. As soon as is feasible in terms of textbooks, only the normal script will be taught in village and state schools.
The use of the Schwabach Jew letters by officials will in future cease; appointment certifications for functionaries, street signs, and so forth will in future be produced only in normal script.
On behalf of the Führer, Herr Reichsleiter Amann will in future convert those newspapers and periodicals that already have foreign distribution, or whose foreign distribution is desired, to normal script.
Fraktur: Form und Geschichte der gebrochenen Schriften. Mainz: H. Retrieved 20 September Partizip von stellen.
Retrieved 24 January Retrieved 14 June Rothaug, Rudolf Geographischer Atlas zur Vaterlandskunde an den österreichischen Mittelschulen [ Geographical atlas on the homeland lore at the Austrian secondary schools ] in German.
Wien: G. Cercignani, Fausto The Consonants of German: Synchrony and Diachrony. Milano: Cisalpino. Clyne, Michael The German Language in a Changing Europe.
Curme, George O. A Grammar of the German Language — the most complete and authoritative work in English. Durrell, M In Brown, Keith ed.
Lay summary 6 February Fox, Anthony The Structure of German. Harbert, Wayne The Germanic Languages. Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge University Press.
Retrieved 26 February Robinson, Orrin W. Stanford, Calif. König, Ekkehard; van der Auwera, Johan, eds. Routledge Language Family Descriptions.
The survey of the Germanic branch languages includes chapters by Winfred P. Lockwood, W. Sanders, Ruth H. German: Biography of a Language.
Oxford University Press. Combines linguistic, anthropological, and historical perspectives in a "biography" of German in terms of six "signal events" over millennia, including the Battle of Kalkriese, which blocked the spread of Latin-based language north.
Hattemer, Heinrich Denkmahle des Mittelalters: St. Gallen's Old German vocabulary ]. Scheitlin und Zollikofer. Swadesh, Morris The Origin and Diversification of Language.
Transaction Publishers. German language at Wikipedia's sister projects. Languages of Germany. Standard German.
Languages of Austria. Alemannic Austro-Bavarian. Serbian Turkish. Austrian Sign Language. See Also: Minority languages of Austria. Languages of Switzerland.
French German Italian Romansh. Languages of Namibia. Oshiwambo Kwanyama Ndonga Afrikaans German. Namibian Sign Language.
Languages of South Africa. Afrikaans English. Tsonga Xitsonga. Arabic Hebrew Sanskrit. Gayle IsiNgqumo.
Germanic languages. According to contemporary philology. West Germanic. Old Saxon Middle Low German. Low Dietsch. North Germanic and East Germanic.
Gothic Crimean Gothic Burgundian Vandalic. Timeline Historiography Military history. Outline Index. Languages of Europe.
Namespaces Article Talk.