Pu Yi Der Kaiser, der einer Gehirnwäsche unterzogen wurde
Aisin Gioro Puyi entstammte der mandschurischen Sippe der Aisin Gioro und war von 19zwölfter und letzter Kaiser der Qing-Dynastie in China. Später kollaborierte Puyi mit Japan, das ihn zum Kaiser des Marionettenstaates Mandschukuo. Aisin Gioro Puyi [pʰu iː] (chinesisch 愛新覺羅•溥儀 / 爱新觉罗•溥仪, Pinyin Aìxīnjuéluó Pǔyí, [ ˀaɪ̯˥˩ɕin˥t͡ɕɥɛ˧˥lwɔ˧˥.pʰu˨˩˦ i˧˥], mandschurisch. Puyi bezeichnet: Puyi (–), letzter Kaiser der Qing-Dynastie in China; Puyi (Ning'er) (普义乡), Gemeinde im Autonomen Kreis Ning'er in der. Chinas letzter Kaiser war erst zwei Jahre alt, als er nach dem mysteriösen Tod seines Onkels den Thron bestieg. Doch lange sollte der kleine Pu Yi nicht. Doch Chinas letzter Monarch war tatsächlich erst zwei Jahre alt, als er den Thron bestieg. Lange gedauert hat die Regentschaft des kleinen Pu Yi allerdings.
Pu Yi (–) wurde im Dezember als Kaiser Hsüan Tung inthronisiert. Abdankung; Vertreibung aus Peking; Exil in Tientsin; Kaiser. Chinas letzter Kaiser war erst zwei Jahre alt, als er nach dem mysteriösen Tod seines Onkels den Thron bestieg. Doch lange sollte der kleine Pu Yi nicht. gobulo wanrong. Soon he discovered the absolute power he wielded over the eunuchs, and he frequently had them beaten for small transgressions. Gerüchten zufolge hat Cixi ihn vergiftet, sie will Puyi zu ihrer neuen Marionette machen. Puyi believed Manchukuo was just the beginning, and that within a few years he would again read article as Emperor of Chinahaving the yellow Imperial Dragon here used for coronation of Qing emperors brought from Beijing to Changchun. Archived from the original on 7 April Updated August 14, Nach all diesen Enthüllungen will keiner seiner Verwandten noch zu Pu Yi stehen. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Https://nordmedia09.se/online-stream-filme/serien-stream-abenteuer-survival.php zum Thema. März sogar als Kaiser. Mein Click at this page hat dazu beigetragen, dass Millionen von Menschen den Tod gefunden haben. Kaiserreich aufgelöst, Wiedereingliederung in die Republik China. Da er keine Chance sah, jemals wieder Kaiser von China zu werden, kollaborierte Pu The first avenger civil war mit den Japanern und bestieg zum dritten Mal den Thron, diesmal als Kaiser von Mandschukuo, einem künstlichen Staat in der japanisch besetzten Mandschurei. Doch wiederum im rockstarcamp einen Tag später starb auch Cixi, an Influenza. Endgültig rehabilitiert wurde erals er von der Politischen Konsultativkonferenz des Chinesischen Volkes zum Mitglied ihres Nationalkomitees gewählt wurde. Nach dem Vorfall auf der Marco-Polo-Brücke am 7.
Puyis Leben ändert sich erneut - diesmal komplett. Ein blutiger Bürgerkrieg tobt in China. Die Machthaber glauben, dass es keinen Frieden geben kann, solange der letzte Kaiser der Qing-Dynastie noch in der Verbotenen Stadt lebt.
Die britische Botschaft lehnt ein Visum ab, sie will die Chinesen nicht verärgern. Puyi wendet sich an die Japaner, die ihm raten, Peking zu verlassen.
So zieht er in die Hafenstadt Tianjin und lebt in einer Villa auf japanischem Territorium. Doch nun benutzen ihn die Japaner als Marionette.
Sie wollen einen Staat in der von Japan besetzten chinesischen Mandschurei errichten. Puyi wird Anfang der er-Jahre erneut Kaiser des neuen Landes Mandschukuo, mit einer kurzen Unterbrechung bis Wie zuvor hat er aber keinerlei echte Macht und lebt isoliert.
Puyi verbrennt alle wichtigen Dokumente, dankt als Kaiser ab und flieht. Nach fünf Tagen auf der Flucht ergreift ihn die sowjetische Armee und verschleppt ihn nach Sibirien.
Fünf Jahre wird der ehemalige Kaiser in verschiedenen Lagern gefangen gehalten. Doch er fürchtet die Lage in seinem Heimatland: Am 1.
Oktober ruft Mao Zedong dort die Volksrepublik China aus. Ein Jahr später verlangt Mao von Russland, die Kriegsgefangenen auszuliefern.
Puyi ist sicher: Jetzt ist sein Leben zu Ende. Doch es kommt anders: In einem kommunistischen Umerziehungslager wird der letzte Kaiser von China zum Gefangenen Mao findet, dass es nützlicher sei, Kriegsverbrecher umzuerziehen, statt sie zu exekutieren.
Endlich ist er ein freier Mann - mit 53 Jahren. In Peking lebt er mit seiner fünften Ehefrau, arbeitet halbtags im Botanischen Garten und schreibt auf Empfehlung der Machthaber seine Lebensgeschichte auf.
Daraufhin wird er rehabilitiert und in das Nationalkomitee des Landes berufen. Endlich darf er reisen, wenn auch nur in China.
Maos Kulturrevolution nimmt auch ihn ins Visier. Sie spricht ihm die Buchtantiemen ab und kürzt seine Lebensmittelrationen.
Puyi erkrankt an Blasen- und Nierenkrebs, woran er nach mehreren Operationen am Oktober stirbt - als normaler Bürger und ehemaliger dreifacher Kaiser.
Kommentare Aktualisiert am Oktober , Uhr. Kostenlos registrieren. In this period, he brought in more outsiders to replace the traditional aristocratic officers to improve accountability.
The reform efforts did not last long before Puyi was forced out of the Forbidden City by Feng Yuxiang.
On 10 October , the army garrison in Wuhan mutinied , sparking a widespread revolt in the Yangtze river valley and beyond, demanding the overthrow of the Qing dynasty that had ruled China since The Dowager Empress was sitting on a kang [platform bed] in a side room of the Mind Nature Palace, wiping her eyes with a handkerchief while a fat old man [Yuan] knelt on a red cushion before her, tears rolling down his face.
I was sitting to the right of the Dowager and wondering why the two adults were crying. There was nobody in the room besides us three and it was very quiet; the fat man was sniffing while he talked and I could not understand what he was saying This was the occasion Yuan directly brought up the question of abdication.
This was similar to Italy's Law of Guarantees which accorded the Pope certain honors and privileges similar to those enjoyed by the King of Italy.
A hefty annual subsidy of four million silver taels was granted by the Republic to the imperial household, although it was never fully paid and was abolished after just a few years.
Puyi himself was not informed in February that his reign had ended and China was now a republic and continued to believe that he was still Emperor for some time.
Puyi soon learned that the real reasons for the Articles of Favorable Settlement was that President Yuan Shikai was planning on restoring the monarchy with himself as the Emperor of a new dynasty, and wanted to have Puyi as a sort of custodian of the Forbidden City until he could move in.
During that period, a Republican plane dropped a small bomb over the Forbidden City, causing minor damage. The restoration failed due to extensive opposition across China and the decisive intervention of another warlord, Duan Qirui.
From the magazines, I noticed they had big mustaches. The eunuchs said the mustaches were very hard and a lantern could be hung at its ends".
I found him very intimidating and studied English with him like a good boy, not daring to talk about other things when I got bored As the only person capable of controlling Puyi, Johnston had much more influence than his title of English tutor would suggest, as the eunuchs began to rely on him to steer Puyi away from his more capricious moods.
He made me feel that Westerners were the most intelligent and civilized people in the world and that he was the most learned of Westerners" and that "Johnston had become the major part of my soul".
Puyi could not speak Manchu; he only knew a single word in the language, yili "arise". Despite studying Manchu for years, he admitted that it was his "worst" subject among everything he studied.
Ali , Puyi spoke Mandarin when interviewed but Ali believed he could understand English. In March , the Dowager Consorts decided that Puyi should be married, and gave him a selection of photographs of aristocratic teenage girls to choose from.
In an interview in , Prince Pujie told Behr: "Puyi constantly talked about going to England and becoming an Oxford student, like Johnston.
He felt cooped up, and wanted out. If something upset him, his dark side would emerge. Wanrong wore a mask in accordance with Chinese tradition and Puyi, who knew nothing of women, remembered: "I hardly thought about marriage and family.
It was only when the Empress came into my field of vision with a crimson satin cloth embroidered with a dragon and a phoenix over her head that I felt at all curious about what she looked like.
It was perhaps too much to expect an adolescent, permanently surrounded by eunuchs, to show the sexual maturity of a normal seventeen-year-old.
Neither the Dowager consorts nor Johnston himself had given him any advice on sexual matters — this sort of thing simply was not done, where emperors were concerned: it would have been an appalling breach of protocol.
But the fact remains that a totally inexperienced, over-sheltered adolescent, if normal, could hardly have failed to be aroused by Wan Jung's [Wanrong's] unusual, sensual beauty.
The inference is, of course, that Pu Yi was either impotent, extraordinarily immature sexually, or already aware of his homosexual tendencies.
Wanrong's younger brother Rong Qi remembered how Puyi and Wanrong, both teenagers, loved to race their bicycles through the Forbidden City, forcing eunuchs to get out of the way, and told Behr in an interview: "There was a lot of laughter, she and Puyi seemed to get on well, they were like kids together.
He leave early in the morning on the following day and for the rest of that day he would invariably be in a very filthy temper indeed.
Puyi rarely left the Forbidden City, knew nothing of the lives of ordinary Chinese people, and was somewhat misled by Johnston, who told him that the vast majority of the Chinese wanted a Qing restoration.
As part of an effort to crack down on corruption by the eunuchs inspired by Johnston, Puyi ordered an inventory of the Forbidden City's treasures, which caused the Hall of Supreme Harmony to go up in flames in a case of arson on the night of 26 June , as the eunuchs tried to cover up the extent of their theft.
Puyi finally decided to expel all of the eunuchs from the Forbidden City to end the problem of theft, only agreeing to keep 50 after the Dowager Consorts complained that they could not function without them.
On October 23, , a coup led by the warlord Feng Yuxiang took control of Beijing. Feng, the latest of the warlords to take Beijing, was seeking legitimacy and decided that abolishing the unpopular Articles of Favorable Settlement was an easy way to win the crowd's approval.
Puyi was expelled from the Forbidden City the same day. As an emperor, Puyi was allowed to join several social clubs that normally only admitted whites.
Zheng and Luo favoured enlisting assistance from external parties, while Chen opposed the idea. Zhang kowtowed to Puyi at their meeting and promised to restore the House of Qing if Puyi made a large financial donation to his army.
In June , Zhang captured Beijing and Behr observed that if Puyi had had more courage and returned to Beijing, he might have been restored to the Dragon Throne.
Puyi's court was prone to factionalism and his advisers were urging him to back different warlords, which gave him a reputation for duplicity as he negotiated with various warlords, which strained his relations with Marshal Zhang.
In , during the Great Northern Expedition to reunify China, troops loyal to a warlord allied with the Kuomintang sacked the Qing tombs outside of Beijing after the Kuomintang and its allies took Beijing from the army of Marshal Zhang who retreated back to Manchuria.
Puyi's first wife Wanrong began to smoke opium during this period, which Puyi encouraged as he found her more "manageable" when she was in an opium daze.
The Empress Wanrong was firmly against Puyi's plans to go to Manchuria, which she called treason, and for a moment Puyi hesitated, leading Doihara to send for Puyi's cousin, the very pro-Japanese Eastern Jewel , to visit him to change his mind.
Puyi left his house in Tianjin by hiding in the trunk of a car. Once he arrived in Manchuria, Puyi discovered that he was a prisoner and was not allowed outside the Yamato Hotel, ostensibly to protect him from assassination.
Itagaki suggested to Puyi that in a few years Manchukuo might become a monarchy and that Manchuria was just the beginning, as Japan had ambitions to take all of China; the obvious implication was that Puyi would become the Great Qing Emperor again.
One contemporary commentator, Wen Yuan-ning , quipped that Puyi had now achieved the dubious distinction of having been "made emperor three times without knowing why and apparently without relishing it.
Puyi believed Manchukuo was just the beginning, and that within a few years he would again reign as Emperor of China , having the yellow Imperial Dragon robes used for coronation of Qing emperors brought from Beijing to Changchun.
Never in the chronicles of the human race was any State born with such high ideals, and never has any State accomplished so much in such a brief space of its existence as Manchukuo".
On 8 March , Puyi made his ceremonial entry into Changchun, sharing his car with Zheng, who was beaming with joy, Amakasu, whose expression was stern as usual, and Wanrong, who looked miserable.
I saw Japanese gendarmes, and rows of people, wearing all sorts of clothes; some were in Chinese jackets and gowns, some were in Western suits and some in traditional Japanese dress, and they were all holding small flags in their hands.
I was thrilled and reflected that I was now seeing the scene that I missed at the harbor. As I walked past them Hsi Hsia [one of his ministers] pointed out a line of dragon flags between the Japanese ones and said that the men holding them were all Manchu "bannermen" who had been waiting for me to come for twenty years.
These words brought tears to my eyes, and I was more strongly convinced than ever that my future was very hopeful. Puyi also noted he was "too preoccupied with my hopes and hates" to realize the "cold comfort that the Changchun citizens, silent from terror and hatred, were giving me".
He has a fixed stare behind his black-framed glasses. When we were introduced, he responded with a friendly nod. But his smile lasted only a second.
We could only await the word of the Master of Ceremonies to give us permission to bow ourselves out. A Japanese colonel, our guide, showed us the triumphal arches, the electric light decorations and endless flags.
But all this, say the shopkeepers, is 'made in Osaka'". On 20 April , the Lytton Commission arrived in Manchuria to begin its investigation of whether Japan had committed aggression.
He said she found life miserable there because she was surrounded in her house by Japanese maids. Every movement of hers was watched and reported".
General Doihara was able in exchange for a multi-million bribe to get one of the more prominent guerrilla leaders, the Hui Muslim general Ma Zhanshan , to accept Japanese rule, and had Puyi appoint him Defense Minister.
A sign of the true rulers of Manchukuo was the presence of General Masahiko Amakasu during the coronation; ostensibly there as the film director to record the coronation, Amakasu served as Puyi's minder, keeping a careful watch on him to prevent him from going off script.
At his enthronement, he clashed with Japan over dress; they wanted him to wear a Manchukuo-style uniform whereas he considered it an insult to wear anything but traditional Manchu robes.
In a typical compromise, he wore a Western military uniform to his enthronement  the only Chinese emperor ever to do so and a dragon robe to the announcement of his accession at the Temple of Heaven.
The Japanese chose as the capital of Manchukuo the industrial city of Changchun , which was renamed Hsinking. Puyi had wanted the capital to be Mukden modern Shenyang , which had been the Qing capital before the Qing conquered China in , but was overruled by his Japanese masters.
Puyi was outwardly very polite, but he didn't have a lot of respect for his father's opinions.
Puyi badly wanted the whole family to stay in Changchun. He wanted me to be educated in Japan, but father was firmly opposed to the idea and I went back to Beijing.
Puyi was still in pretty good spirits. He hadn't entirely given up the dream that the Japanese would restore him to the throne of China.
Prince Chun told his son that he was an idiot if he really believed that the Japanese were going to restore him to the Dragon Throne, and warned him that he was just being used.
The Japanese Embassy issued a note of diplomatic protest at the welcome extended to Prince Chun, stating that the Hsinking railroad station was under the Kwantung Army's control, that only Japanese soldiers were allowed there, and that they would not tolerate the Manchukuo Imperial Guard being used to welcome visitors at the Hsinking railroad station again.
Whenever the Japanese wanted a law passed, the relevant decree was dropped off at the Salt Tax Palace for Puyi to sign, which he always did.
Eckert wrote that the differences in power could be seen in that the Kwantung Army had a "massive" headquarters in downtown Hsinking while Puyi had to live in the "small and shabby" Salt Tax Palace close to the main railroad station in a part of Hsinking with numerous small factories, warehouses, and slaughterhouses, the chief prison and the red-light district.
He acted as a spy for the Japanese government, controlling Puyi through fear, intimidation, and direct orders. He was feted by the Japanese populace during his visits there, but had to remain subservient to Emperor Hirohito.
Japan's protection is its only chance of happiness ". In , Ling Sheng, an aristocrat who was serving as governor of one of Manchukuo's provinces and whose son was engaged to marry one of Puyi's younger sisters, was arrested after complaining about "intolerable" Japanese interference in his work, which led Puyi to ask Yoshioka if something could be done to help him out.
Gradually his old supporters were eliminated and pro-Japanese ministers put in their place. Puyi was extremely unhappy with his life as a virtual prisoner in the Salt Tax Palace, and his moods became erratic, swinging from hours of passivity staring into space to indulging his sadism by having his servants beaten.
It got so that everyone was covertly watching Puyi all the time, to try and find out what mood he was in. Puyi was completely paranoid: if you were caught eyeing him, he would bark: "What's the matter?
Why are you looking at me that way? What have you got to hide? To further torment his staff of about , Puyi drastically cut back on the food allocated for his staff, who suffered from hunger; Big Li told Behr that Puyi was attempting to make everyone as miserable as he was.
Puyi thereafter would not speak candidly in front of his brother and refused to eat any food Lady Saga provided, believing she was out to poison him.
Based on his interviews with Puyi's family and staff at the Salt Tax Palace, Behr wrote that it appeared Puyi had an "attraction towards very young girls" that "bordered on pedophilia" and "that Pu Yi was bisexual, and — by his own admission — something of a sadist in his relationships with women".
Of course I had heard rumours concerning such great men in our history, but I never knew such things existed in the living world.
Now, however, I learnt that the Emperor had an unnatural love for a pageboy. He was referred to as "the male concubine".
Could these perverted habits, I wondered, have driven his wife to opium smoking? When Behr questioned him about Puyi's sexuality, Prince Pujie said he was "biologically incapable of reproduction", a polite way of saying someone is gay in China.
All that Puyi knew of the outside world was what General Yoshioka told him in daily briefings. At the time, it made no real impact.
In , Puyi had been excited when he learned that El Salvador had become the first nation other than Japan to recognize Manchukuo, but by he did not care much about Germany's recognition of Manchukuo.
By , the Japanisation of Manchuria had become extreme, and an altar to the Shinto goddess Amaterasu was built on the grounds of Puyi's palace.
The origins of the altar are unclear, with the postwar Japanese claiming that Puyi aimed for a closer connection to the Japanese Emperor as a means of resisting the political machinations of the Manchukuo elites, while Puyi in his Chinese Communist-published autobiography claims that he was forced to submit to this by the Japanese.
Were these a great god? Were those my ancestors? I burst into tears on the drive back. Hirohito was surprised when he heard of this, asking why a Temple of Heaven had not been built instead.
U Saw , the Prime Minister of Burma, was secretly in communication with the Japanese, declaring that as an Asian his sympathies were completely with Japan against the West.
During the war, Puyi became estranged from his father, as his half-brother Pu Ren stated in an interview:. He never visited Puyi after They rarely corresponded.
All the news he got was through intermediaries, or occasional reports from Puyi's younger sisters, some of whom were allowed to see him.
Puyi himself complained that he had issued so many "slavish" pro-Japanese statements during the war that nobody on the Allied side would take him in if he did escape from Manchukuo.
There was much to and from activity that night, Japanese nurses and doctors speaking with Yoshioka, then going back to the sickroom.
Puyi had to give a speech before a group of Japanese infantrymen who had volunteered to be "human bullets", promising to strap explosives on their bodies and to stage suicide attacks in order to die for the Showa Emperor.
To try and stop the Soviet tanks, the Japanese sent out the "human bullets" as infantrymen packed with explosives, who tried to throw themselves into the treads of the tanks; usually they were shot down before getting anywhere close to the tanks.
The next day, Puyi abdicated as Emperor of Manchukuo and declared in his last decree that Manchukuo was once again part of China.
Puyi asked for Lady Saga, the most mature and responsible of the three women, to take care of Wanrong, who was hopelessly addicted to opium by this point, giving Lady Saga precious antiques and cash to pay for their way south to Korea.
The Soviets took him to the Siberian town of Chita. He lived in a sanatorium , then later in Khabarovsk near the Chinese border, where he was treated well and allowed to keep some of his servants.
In , Puyi testified at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo,  detailing his resentment at how he had been treated by the Japanese.
At the Tokyo trial, he had a long exchange with defense counsel Major Ben Bruce Blakeney about whether he had been kidnapped in , in which Puyi perjured himself by saying that the statements in Johnston's book Twilight in the Forbidden City about how he had willingly become Emperor of Manchukuo were all lies.
He prayed for the Buddha to ask forgiveness for sullying Johnston's name. If he could be shown to have undergone sincere, permanent change, what hope was there for the most diehard counter-revolutionary?
The more overwhelming the guilt, the more spectacular the redemption-and the greater glory of the Chinese Communist Party". In , the Soviets loaded Puyi and the rest of the Manchukuo and Japanese prisoners onto a train that took them to China with Puyi convinced he would be executed when he arrived.
The prisoners at Fushun were senior Japanese, Manchukuo and Kuomintang officials and officers. I tried to get another posting. I wanted nothing to do with those who had been responsible for my older brother's death and my family's suffering during the Manchukuo years.
I wondered how I could ever bear to be in their company". Puyi had never brushed his teeth or tied his own shoelaces once in his life, and now for the first time was forced to perform the simple tasks that always had been done for him, which he found very difficult.
Puyi noted in shame and horror: "All the atrocities had been carried out in my name". Puyi later recalled he felt "that I was up against an irresistible force that would not rest until it found out everything".
On one, he met a farmer's wife whose family had been evicted to make way for Japanese settlers and had almost starved to death while working as a slave in one of Manchukuo's factories.
On 10 March , Jin confronted Puyi in a meeting in his office with his siblings, where his sisters spoke of their happiness with their new lives working as schoolteachers and seamstresses.
It won't do! Get out! Leave this House! Tough KMT generals, and even tougher Japanese generals, brought up in the samurai tradition and the Bushido cult which glorifies death in battle and sacrifice to martial Japan, became, in Fushun, just as devout in their support of communist ideals as Puyi".
Puyi came to Beijing on 9 December with special permission from Mao Zedong and lived for the next six months in an ordinary Beijing residence with his sister before being transferred to a government-sponsored hotel.
I'm staying with relatives and can't find my way home". Working as a simple gardener gave Puyi a degree of happiness he had never known as an emperor, though he was notably clumsy.
If all capitalists and landlords were, by their very nature, traitors, it was only logical that Puyi, the biggest landlord, should also be the biggest traitor.
And, in the last resort, Puyi was far more valuable alive than dead". But you were fully to blame for what happened later.
You knew perfectly well what you were doing when you took refuge in the Legation Quarter, when you traveled under Japanese protection to Tianjin, and when you agreed to become Manchukuo Chief Executive.
At the age of 56, he married Li Shuxian , a hospital nurse, on 30 April , in a ceremony held at the Banquet Hall of the Consultative Conference.
From until his death he worked as an editor for the literary department of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference , where his monthly salary was around yuan.
One yuan in the s was equivalent to about 40 cents USD. When I was having even a slight case of flu, he was so worried I would die, that he refused to sleep at night and sat by my bedside until dawn so he could attend to my needs".
On hearing this, he got down on his knees and, with tears in his eyes, he begged me to forgive him. I shall never forget what he said to me: 'I have nothing in this world except you, and you are my life.
If you go, I will die'. But apart from him, what did I ever have in the world? The ghostwriter Li had initially planned to use Puyi's "autocritique" written in Fushun as the basis of the book, expecting the job to take only a few months.
He found the "autocritique" used such wooden language as Puyi confessed to a career of abject cowardice, noting over and over again that he had always done the easy thing rather than the right thing in the most leaden prose possible, that Li was forced to start anew to produce something more readable as he interviewed Puyi, taking him four years to write the book.
I now feel very ashamed of my testimony, as I withheld some of what I knew to protect myself from being punished by my country. I said nothing about my secret collaboration with the Japanese imperialists over a long period, an association to which my open capitulation after September 18, was but the conclusion.
Instead, I spoke only of the way the Japanese had put pressure on me and forced me to do their will.
Many of the claims in From Emperor to Citizen , like the statement that it was the Kuomintang who stripped Manchuria bare of industrial equipment in —46 rather than the Soviets, together with an "unreservedly rosy picture of prison life", are widely known to be false, but the book was translated into foreign languages and sold well.
Behr wrote:. From onward, Puyi regularly gave press conferences praising life in the People's Republic of China, and foreign diplomats often sought him out, curious to meet the famous "Last Emperor" of China.
In an interview with Behr, Li Wenda told him that Puyi was a very clumsy man who "invariably forgot to close doors behind him, forgot to flush the toilet, forgot to turn the tap off after washing his hands, had a genius for creating an instant, disorderly mess around him".
I should be serving you. Gaol was like school for him. All his life, until , everyone around him had convinced him he was special, almost divine.
Because of this, his attitude towards others had never been normal. Only in Fushun did he become aware of people as people. Puyi's nephew Jui Lon stated in an interview with Behr that before his imprisonment Puyi's chief characteristic.
Even in the gaol he hoarded his cigarettes and would never give any away, even though he was not a heavy smoker.
When I saw him in Beijing after his release he was a changed man. In his family he started to care for people for the first time in his life.
During this period, Puyi was known for his kindness, and once after he accidentally knocked down an elderly lady with his bicycle, he visited her every day in the hospital to bring her flowers to make amends until she was released.
Puyi objected to Pujie's attempt to reunite with Lady Saga, who had returned to Japan, writing to Zhou asking him to block Lady Saga from coming back to China, which led Zhou to reply: "The war's over, you know.
You don't have to carry this national hatred into your own family. Puyi was placed under protection by the local public security bureau and, although his food rations, salary, and various luxuries, including his sofa and desk, were removed, he was not publicly humiliated as was common at the time.
The Red Guards attacked Puyi for his book From Emperor to Citizen because it had been translated into English and French, which displeased the Red Guards and led to copies of the book being burned in the streets.
He died in Beijing of complications arising from kidney cancer and heart disease on 17 October at the age of In accordance with the laws of the People's Republic of China at the time, Puyi's body was cremated.
His ashes were first placed at the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery , alongside those of other party and state dignitaries. This was the burial ground of imperial concubines and eunuchs prior to the establishment of the People's Republic of China.
Quotation from Puyi: . The Pedigree of the Qing House flow chart can be found in Puyi's autobiography. Quotation from Puyi referring only to his first four wives : .
Puyi's great-grandfather was the Daoguang Emperor r. Puyi's paternal grandfather was Yixuan, Prince Chun — , the seventh son of the Daoguang Emperor and a younger half-brother of the Xianfeng Emperor.
The Xianfeng Emperor was succeeded by his only son, who became the Tongzhi Emperor r. The Tongzhi Emperor died at the age of 18 without a son, and was succeeded by the Guangxu Emperor r.
The Guangxu Emperor died without an heir. Lady Liugiya had been a maid in the residence of Yixuan. Zaifeng was therefore a younger half-brother of the Guangxu Emperor and the first in line to succession after Guangxu.
Cixi's niece, who later became Empress Dowager Longyu — , was married to the Guangxu Emperor. The rules of succession were changed to allow Pujie to succeed Puyi, who had no children.
Puyi's last surviving younger half-brother Puren b. In Jin Youzhi filed a lawsuit in regards to the rights to Puyi's image and privacy.
The lawsuit claimed that those rights were violated by the exhibit "China's Last Monarch and His Family".
Ronglu was one of the leaders of the conservative faction in the Qing court, and a staunch supporter of Empress Dowager Cixi ; Cixi rewarded his support by marrying his daughter, Puyi's mother, into the imperial family.
Oboi , an influential military commander and statesman who was a regent during the Kangxi Emperor 's reign, was from the Guwalgiya clan.